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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Contribution to experimental validation of linear and non-linear dynamic models for representing rotor-blade parametric coupled vibrations
Author: Santos, IF
Saracho, CM
Smith, JT
Eiland, J
Abstract: This work makes a theoretical and experimental contribution to the problem of rotor blades dynamic interaction. A validation procedure of mathematical models is carried out with the help of a simple test rig, built by a mass-spring system attached to four flexible rotating blades. With this test rig, it is possible to highlight some dynamic effects and experimentally simulate the structural behaviour of a windmill in two dimensions (2-D model). Only lateral displacement of the rotor in the horizontal direction is taken into account. Gyroscopic effect due to angular vibrations of the rotor is eliminated in the test rig by attaching the rigid rotor to a flexible foundation. The blades are modelled as Euler-Bernoulli beams. Using three different approaches to describe the beam deformation one achieves: (a) a linear model; (b) a linear beam model with second order terms; (c) a fully non-linear model. Tip masses at the end of the blades emphasize the coupling between the dynamic and elastic terms. The shape functions are chosen in order to reduce the mathematical model, so that only the first bending mode of the beam is taken into account. The resulting equations of motion have five degrees of freedom and illustrate linear, non-linear and time-dependent terms in a very transparent way. Although neither gyroscopic effect due to rotor angular vibrations nor higher blade mode shapes are considered in the analysis, the equations of motion of the rotor-blades system are still general enough for the purpose of the work: validation of different linear and non-linear models with time dependent (periodic) coefficients. Experiments are carried out in the time and frequency domains while the rotor operates with different constant angular velocities. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Country: Inglaterra
Editor: Academic Press Ltd Elsevier Science Ltd
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/S0022-460X(03)00758-2
Date Issue: 2004
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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