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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Construction and validation of metagenomic DNA libraries from landfarm soil microorganisms
Author: Pessoa, TBA
de Souza, SS
Cerqueira, AF
Rezende, RP
Pirovani, CP
Dias, JCT
Abstract: Landfarming biodegradation is a strategy used by the petrochemical industry to reduce pollutants in petroleum-contaminated soil. We constructed 2 metagenomic libraries from landfarming soil in order to determine the pathway used for mineralization of benzene and to examine protein expression of the bacteria in these soils. The DNA of landfarm soil, collected from Ilheus, BA, Brazil, was extracted and a metagenomic library was constructed with the Copy Control (TM) Fosmid Library Production Kit, which clones 25-45-kb DNA fragments. The clones were selected for their ability to express enzymes capable of cleaving aromatic compounds. These clones were grown in Luria-Bertani broth plus L-arabinose, benzene, and chloramphenicol as induction substances; they were tested for activity in the catechol cleavage pathway, an intermediate step in benzene degradation. Nine clones were positive for ortho-cleavage and one was positive for meta-cleavage. Protein band patterns determined by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis differed in bacteria grown on induced versus non-induced media (Luria-Bertani broth). We concluded that the DNA of landfarm soil is an important source of genes involved in mineralization of xenobiotic compounds, which are common in gasoline and oil spills. Metagenomic library allows identification of non-culturable microorganisms that have potential in the bioremediation of contaminated sites.
Subject: Benzene
Metagenomic library
Country: Brasil
Editor: Funpec-editora
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.4238/2013.June.28.2
Date Issue: 2013
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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