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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Microstructure and mechanical behavior of porous Ti-6Al-4V parts obtained by selective laser melting
Author: Sallica-Leva, E
Jardini, AL
Fogagnolo, JB
Abstract: Rapid prototyping allows titanium porous parts with mechanical properties close to that of bone tissue to be obtained. In this article, porous parts of the Ti-6Al-4V alloy with three levels of porosity were obtained by selective laser melting with two different energy inputs. Thermal treatments were performed to determine the influence of the microstructure on the mechanical properties. The porous parts were characterized by both optical and scanning electron microscopy. The effective modulus, yield and ultimate compressive strength were determined by compressive tests. The martensitic alpha' microstructure was observed in all of the as-processed parts. The struts resulting from the processing conditions investigated were thinner than those defined by CAD models, and consequently, larger pores and a higher experimental porosity were achieved. The use of the high-energy input parameters produced parts with higher oxygen and nitrogen content, their struts that were even thinner and contained a homogeneous porosity distribution. Greater mechanical properties for a given relative density were obtained using the high-energy input parameters. The as-quenched martensitic parts showed yield and ultimate compressive strengths similar to the as-processed parts, and these were greater than those observed for the fully annealed samples that had the lamellar microstructure of the equilibrium alpha+beta phases. The effective modulus was not significantly influenced by the thermal treatments. A comparison between these results and those of porous parts with similar geometry obtained by selective electron beam melting shows that the use of a laser allows parts with higher mechanical properties for a given relative density to be obtained. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Subject: Stress shielding
Rapid prototyping
Titanium alloys
Thermal treatment
Country: Holanda
Editor: Elsevier Science Bv
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2013.05.011
Date Issue: 2013
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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