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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Microstructural characterisation of monolithic ceramic matrix composites from polysiloxane and SiC powder|
|Abstract:||The microstructure of ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) prepared by moulding alpha-SiC powder in the presence of preceramic polysiloxane as a binder was investigated. During pyrolysis, the powder/polymer system was converted into a ceramic body, in which the shrinkage and the porosity contents could be tailored. Different amounts of polymeric binder and also different fixing temperatures were found to have strong influence on the microstructural parameters, such as average pore size, pore size distribution and overall porosity, as determined by both mercury porosimetry and nitrogen adsorption techniques. These parameters were related to shrinkage rate. The morphological characterisation of the composites obtained at 1000 degreesC, performed by field emission scanning electron microscopy, showed a uniform distribution of the alpha-SiC. in the SiCalphaO4-alpha phase, as well as SiC whisker particles in the pores of the CMCs. Additional characterisation of the ceramic phase, obtained from preceramic polysiloxane, was performed by Si-29 and C-13 nuclear magnetic resonance and infrared spectroscopies and also by X-ray diffraction. The results suggested a random distribution of silicon sites, SiCxO4-x with 0 less than or equal to x less than or equal to 4, in the ceramic bulk, at 1000 degreesC. This phase evolved to beta-SiC at higher temperatures. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.|
|Subject:||ceramic matrix composites|
|Editor:||Elsevier Science Sa|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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