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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Microhardness evaluation of in situ vital bleaching on human dental enamel using a novel study design
Author: Rodrigues, JA
Marchi, GM
Ambrosano, GMB
Heymann, HO
Pimenta, LA
Abstract: Objectives: The aim of this 'in situ' study was to evaluate the microhardness of dental enamel following treatment with an in-office and an at-home vita[ bleaching agent through a novel approach using samples temporarily bonded 'in vivo'. Methods: Human dental enamel stabs (n=88) were subjected to sequential polishing and initial Knoop microhardness tests were performed. The stabs were fixed to the facial surfaces of the maxillary first molars of 44 human volunteers. They were divided into four groups (n=11) according to the treatment group: G1- in-office-CP37+ at-home-CP10; G2- in-office-CP37+ at-home-PLA; G3- in-office-PLA and athome-CP10; G4- in-office and at-home-PLA. After 3 weeks of treatment, final microhardness measurements were performed. Results and Significance: ANOVA and Tukey's HSD hoc analysis (alpha=0.05) revealed no differences among initial or final microhardness values (p>0.05); however, significant differences occurred between initial and final values for each group (p<0.01), The evaluation of microhardness revealed a reduction of 6.8% for G1, 4.1% for G2, 3.4% for G3 and 3.5% for G4. In-office bleaching with 37% carbamide peroxide, an at-home bleaching with 10% carbamide peroxide, and a combination of both resulted in tower enamel microhardness when measured immediately post-treatment. However, tong-term effects of these treatments are not known, and are believed to be clinically insignificant due to the relatively small reductions observed in enamel microhardness. Interestingly, the carrier, Cabopol 934P, also resulted in similar reduction in enamel microhardness even when administrated alone as a placebo. (c) 2005 Academy of Dental Materials. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Subject: enamel
carbamide peroxide
nightguard vital beaching
in-office bleaching
power bleaching
Country: Inglaterra
Editor: Elsevier Sci Ltd
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/
Date Issue: 2005
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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