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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Microencapsulation of Lactobacillus acidophilus La-5 by spray-drying using sweet whey and skim milk as encapsulating materials
Author: Maciel, GM
Chaves, KS
Grosso, CRF
Gigante, ML
Abstract: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of encapsulating material on encapsulation yield, resistance to passage through simulated gastrointestinal conditions, and viability of Lactobacillus acidophilus La-5 during storage. Microparticles were produced from reconstituted sweet whey or skim milk (30% total solids) inoculated with a suspension of L. acidophilus La-5 (1% vol/vol) and subjected to spray-drying at inlet and outlet temperatures of 180 degrees C and 85 to 95 degrees C, respectively. The samples were packed, vacuum-sealed, and stored at 4 degrees C and 25 degrees C. Encapsulation yield, moisture content, and resistance of microencapsulated L. acidophilus La-5 compared with free cells (control) during exposure to in vitro gastrointestinal conditions (pH 2.0 and 7.0) were evaluated. Viability was assessed after 0, 7, 15, 30, 45, 60, and 90 d of storage. The experiments were repeated 3 times and data were analyzed by ANOVA and Tukey test for the comparison between means. The encapsulating material did not significantly affect encapsulation yield, average diameter, or moisture of the particles, which averaged 76.58 +/- 4.72%, 12.94 +/- 0.78 mu m, and 4.53 +/- 0.32%, respectively. Both microparticle types were effective in protecting the probiotic during gastrointestinal simulation, and the skim milk microparticles favored an increase in viability of L. acidophilus La-5. Regardless of the encapsulating material and temperature of storage, viability of the microencapsulated L. acidophilus La-5 decreased on average 0.43 log cfu/g at the end of 90 d of storage, remaining higher than 10(6) cfu/g.
Subject: probiotic
gastrointestinal simulation
Country: EUA
Editor: Elsevier Science Inc
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.3168/jds.2013-7463
Date Issue: 2014
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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