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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Metformin Increases HDL3-Cholesterol and Decreases Subcutaneous Truncal Fat in Nondiabetic Patients with HIV-Associated Lipodystrophy
Author: Diehl, LA
Fabris, BA
Barbosa, DS
De Faria, EC
Wiechmann, SL
Carrilho, AJF
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to assess metformin effects on high-density lipoprotein (HDL) composition of patients with HIV-associated lipodystrophy (LDHIV). Twenty-four adult outpatients were enrolled to receive metformin ( 1700 mg/d) during 6 months, but 2 were lost to follow-up and 6 stopped the drug due to adverse events ( gastrointestinal in 5, and excessive weight loss in 1). From the 16 subjects who completed the study, 69% were female. At baseline, 3 and 6 months, we assessed: weight, waist and hip circumferences, blood pressure, fasting glucose and insulin, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA2-IR), lipids, and HDL subfractions by microultracentrifugation. At 0 and 6 months, body fat distribution was assessed by computed tomography (CT) scan (L4 and middle femur). Metformin use was associated with reduction of mean weight (-2.4Kg at 6 months; p < 0.001), body mass index, waist, waist-to-hip ratio and a marked decrease in blood pressure (p < 0.001). Subcutaneous ( p = 0.01) and total abdominal fat (p = 0.002) were reduced, but no change was found in visceral or thigh fat. No difference was detected on plasma glucose, insulin, HOMA2-IR, cholesterol or triglycerides, except for an increase in HDL3-cholesterol (from 21 mg/dL to 24 mg/dL, p = 0.002) and a reduction of nascent HDL ( the fraction of plasma HDL-cholesterol not associated to subfractions HDL2 or HDL3) (p = 0.008). Adverse effects were very common, but most were gastrointestinal and mild. Thus, metformin use in LDHIV increases HDL3-cholesterol ( probably due to improved maturation of HDL) and decreases blood pressure, weight, waist, and subcutaneous truncal fat, making this an attractive option for preventing cardiovascular disease in this population.
Country: EUA
Editor: Mary Ann Liebert Inc
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1089/apc.2008.0012
Date Issue: 2008
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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