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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Concentration of flavonoids and phenolic compounds in aqueous and ethanolic propolis extracts through nanofiltration|
|Abstract:||Propolis has a variable and complex chemical composition with high concentration of flavonoids and phenolic compounds present in the extract. The extract varies with the solvent used in extraction. Ethanol extracts more phenolic acid and polar compounds than water. Before their use in industry, extracts must be concentrated but the use of high temperatures can degrade some compounds. Membrane processes is an option that allows concentration at low temperatures. Nanofiltration was carried out with aqueous and ethanolic extracts and each extract results in two distinct fractions: permeate and retentate. The capacity of the membrane to retain the compounds was verified by spectrophotometric analysis: for aqueous solution, the membrane retained around 94% of the phenolic compounds and 99% of the flavonoids, while for the ethanolic solution these values were 53% and 90%, respectively. Ferulic acid retention index was 1.00 and 0.88 to aqueous and ethanolic solutions, respectively. Thus, the nanofiltration process showed high efficiency in the concentration of propolis extracts. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.|
|Editor:||Elsevier Sci Ltd|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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