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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Compatibility studies of nevirapine in physical mixtures with excipients for oral HAART
Author: de Oliveira, GGG
Ferraz, HG
Severino, P
Souto, EB
Abstract: Nevirapine is a hydrophobic non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor, used in first line regimens of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). The drug has more than one crystalline form, which may have implications for its behaviour during production and also for its in vivo performance. This study was aimed at exploring the suitability of thermoanalytical methods for the solid-state characterization of commercial crystalline forms of nevirapine. The drug powder was characterized by ultraviolet spectrophotomety, stereoscopy, scanning electron microscopy, wide-angle X-ray diffraction, measurements of density, flowability, solubility and intrinsic dissolution rate (IDR), differential scanning calorimetry, thermogravimetric analysis, and photostability measurements. The results showed that nevirapine has high stability and is not susceptible to degradation under light exposure. The drug showed compatibility with the excipients tested (lactose, microctystalline cellulose, polyvinylpyrrolidone and polyvinyl acetate copolymer (PVP/PVA), and hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC)). Nevirapine has low solubility, an acid medium being the most appropriate medium for assessing the release of the drug from dosage forms. However, the data obtained from IDR testing indicate that dissolution is the critical factor for the bioavailability of this drug. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Subject: Nevirapine
Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC)
Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA)
Intrinsic dissolution
Country: Holanda
Editor: Elsevier Science Bv
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.msec.2012.09.030
Date Issue: 2013
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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