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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Comparison of maximal muscle strength of elbow flexors and knee extensors between younger and older men with the same level of daily activity
Author: Nogueira, FRD
Libardi, CA
Vechin, FC
Lixandrao, ME
Berton, RPD
de Souza, TMF
Conceicao, MS
Cavaglieri, CR
Chacon-Mikahil, MPT
Abstract: Background: Aging promotes neuromuscular loss, significantly reducing muscle strength. The magnitude of loss of strength seems to be different between the limbs, probably because of differences in activities of daily living (ADL). Therefore, the present study compared the muscle strength of the elbow flexors and knee extensors in younger (n = 7, mean age 23.3 +/- 1.2 years) and older (n = 5, mean age 61.8 +/- 2.6 years) men matched by ADL level. Methods: The study participants performed maximal concentric, isometric, and eccentric contractions of the elbow flexors and knee extensors using an isokinetic dynamometer following a crossover study design. Changes in the dependent variables were compared using mixed model analysis (limb versus age). Results: The main results demonstrated that concentric, eccentric, and mean contraction torques for knee extensors were significantly (P > 0.05) higher for younger men than for elderly men. On the other hand, no statistically significant difference (P > 0.05) was found in concentric, isometric, eccentric, and mean torques for elbow flexors between younger and older individuals. Conclusion: These results show that elbow flexors maintain better strength than knee extensors through aging, even when comparing individuals with similar ADL levels.
Subject: aging
concentric contraction
isometric contraction
eccentric contraction
Country: Nova Zelândia
Editor: Dove Medical Press Ltd
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.2147/CIA.S41838
Date Issue: 2013
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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