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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Comparison of immune responses in mice infected with different strains of Strongyloides venezuelensis|
|Abstract:||In human hosts and in murine models, the immune response to Strongyloides spp. is Th2 type. In addition, the profile of the host immune response follows various symptoms induced by Strongyloides spp. In the present study, we demonstrated that the L2 and L49 strains of Strongyloides venezuelensis obtained from Bolomys lasiurus and Nectomys squamipes induced significant and similar increases in eosinophil/mononuclear cell counts in the blood, peritoneal cavity fluid and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid when compared with uninfected mice. However, in the first 3 days of infection, IL-4, IL-5 and IFN-gamma levels were higher in the lungs of mice infected with the L2 strain, which also presented greater production of IgG and IgG1 than did mice infected with the L49 strain. The higher antibody and cytokine levels induced by the L2 strain correlated with a decrease in the number of female parasites recovered in the faeces of mice on post-infection day 7. The results demonstrate that the L2 strain was a more potent stimulant of the humoral immune response, which can result in more efficient antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity, a mechanism involved in eosinophil activation and parasite elimination. Further studies are needed in order to elucidate the molecular differences among parasites.|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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