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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Comparison of house dust mites found on different mattress surfaces
Author: de Oliveira, CH
Binotti, RS
Muniz, JRO
dos Santos, JC
do Prado, AP
de Pinho, AJ
Abstract: Background: House dust mites have been considered the most important source of allergens for humans. These allergens have been encountered at different indoor sites, mainly on mattresses and pillows. Objective: To evaluate the number and different specimens of mites on Brazilian bunk-bed mattresses. Methods: Dust samples were collected once using a standardized method on the upper mattress surface (US) and lower mattress surface (LS) (bed frame also included in the latter) of 58 mattresses. Results: The total number of mite bodies on the LS was 3.5-fold higher than on the US, with a mean concentration of 932 mites per gram of fine dust (mites/g) on the US (range, 0-3,375 mites/g) and 3,254 mites/g on the LS (range, 125-14,500 mites/g) (P < .001). Additionally, the number of house dust mite bodies on the LS was 2.4 higher than on the US (P < .001); the mean concentration was 750 mites/g on the US (range, 0-2,875 mites/g) and 1,816 mites/g on the LS (range, 0-10,875 mites/g). Approximately 91% (n = 52) of the US and all LS dust samples had more than the limit of 100 mites/g. The most frequent family was Pyroglyphidae in both mattress surfaces, with Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus the most important species found. Storage mites, including Glycyphagidae (P < .001), Acaridae (P < .001), and other families (P < .001), also showed significant differences in the number of mites between both sample counts. Conclusions: This study shows a significant difference in US and LS mite counts, with higher counts on the LS. Mite allergen avoidance should include the LS and bed frame as potential targets.
Country: EUA
Editor: Amer Coll Allergy Asthma Immunology
Rights: fechado
Date Issue: 2003
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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