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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Comparison of different designs of implant-retained overdentures and fixed full-arch implant-supported prosthesis on stress distribution in edentulous mandible - A computed tomography-based three-dimensional finite element analysis|
|Abstract:||A finite element analysis was used to compare the effect of different designs of implant-retained overdentures and fixed full-arch implant-supported prosthesis on stress distribution in edentulous mandible. Four models of an human mandible were constructed. In the OR (O'ring) group, the mandible was restored with an overdenture retained by four unsplinted implants with O'ring attachment; in the BC (bar-clip) -C and BC groups, the mandibles were restored with overdentures retained by four splinted implants with bar-clip anchor associated or not with two distally placed cantilevers, respectively; in the FD (fixed denture) group, the mandible was restored with a fixed full-arch four-implant-supported prosthesis. Models were supported by the masticatory muscles and temporomandibular joints. A 100-N oblique load was applied on the left first molar. Von Mises (sigma(vM)), maximum (sigma(max)) and minimum (sigma(min)) principal stresses (in MPa) analyses were obtained. BC-C group exhibited the highest stress values (sigma(vM) = 398.8, sigma(max) = 580.5 and sigma(min) = -455.2) while FD group showed the lowest one (sigma(vM) =128.9, sigma(max) = 580.5 and sigma(min) = -172.1). Within overdenture groups, the use of unsplinted implants reduced the stress level in the implant/prosthetic components (59.4% for sigma(vM) 66.2% for sigma(max) and 57.7% for sigma(min) versus BC-C group) and supporting tissues (maximum stress reduction of 72% and 79.5% for sigma(max), and 15.7% and 85.7% for sigma(min) on the cortical and trabecular bones, respectively). Cortical bone exhibited greater stress concentration than the trabecular bone for all groups. The use of fixed implant dentures and removable dentures retained by unsplinted implants to rehabilitate edentulous mandible reduced the stresses in the periimplant bone tissue, mucosa and implant/prosthetic components. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.|
Fixed full-arch prosthesis
Finite element analysis
|Editor:||Elsevier Sci Ltd|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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