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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Comparison between the toluidine blue stain and the Feulgen reaction for evaluation of rabbit sperm chromatin condensation and their relationship with sperm morphology
Author: Beletti, ME
Mello, MLS
Abstract: Sperm chromatin alteration is an important feature that can affect fertility of the male rabbit. This study compared toluidine blue staining with Feulgen reaction (as methods for evaluating chromatin alteration) and investigated the relationship between sperm morphology and chromatin alteration. Seven hundred rabbit ejaculates of animals with unknown fertility were used. Primary and secondary morphological sperm abnormalities were evaluated in semen smears with phase-contrast rnicroscopy. Chromatin alterations were evaluated in semen smears stained with toluidine blue (pH 4.0 and 5.0) and with the Feulgen reaction. While the three methods were equally efficacious for identification of chromatin alterations, toluidine blue staining was more appropriate to characterize the intensity of chromatin alterations. The correlation between primary sperm defects and chromatin alteration was high and positive, suggesting that sperm chromatin structure affected sperm head morphology. The correlation between secondary sperm defects and chromatin alteration was also positive, but lower. The final chromatin compaction occurs in the epididymus, where secondary sperm defects originate. Therefore, the causes of secondary sperm defects could also intervene with final chromatin compaction. In summary, the toluidine blue stain was an effective means of evaluating the sperm chromatin alteration in rabbit spermatozoa. (c) 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Subject: spermatozoa
toluidine blue
morphological abnormalities
Country: EUA
Editor: Elsevier Science Inc
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2003.10.016
Date Issue: 2004
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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