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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Comparative study of eosinophil chemotaxis, adhesion, and degranulation in vitro in ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease|
|Abstract:||Background: Eosinophils have been identified in tissues from patients with Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) but whether they contribute to IBD pathogenesis is unknown. This study aimed to investigate the functional activity and morphological aspects of peripheral-blood eosinophils from IBD patients compared to those from healthy volunteers (HV's). Methods: Eosinophils from HVs and CD and UC patients were purified using a Percoll gradient and then a immunomagnetic cell separator. Functional activity in inactivated and previously activated cells was investigated by measuring adhesion to fibronectin and chemotaxis to fMLP, and degranulation was measured by release of eosinophil peroxidase (EPO). Cell morphology was investigated using electron microscopy. Results: Eosinophil adhesion to human fibronectin in both inactivated and PAF-stimulated and PMA-stimulated eosinophils was markedly higher in patients with CD than in either patients with UC or HVs. Similarly, the chemotactic response was markedly higher in eosinophils isolated from CD patients than in those isolated from UC patients or HVs. Baseline FPO release was higher in eosinophils isolated from UC patients than in those isolated from HVs or CD patients. Stimulation with fMLP or PMA did not further increase FPO release in cells from UC or CD patients. Comparable expression of MAC-1 and VLA-4 adhesion molecules was observed on the surfaces of eosinophils from all groups, and an greater number of granules was noted in the eosinophils from UC patients than in those from CD patients. Conclusions: Our results indicate that peripheral-blood eosinophils are potentially primed and activated in IBD patients. Whether the differences in the morphology and functional responses of eosinophil from UC and CD patients reflect differences in disease phenotype remains to be elucidated.|
|Editor:||John Wiley & Sons Inc|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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