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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Cleaning activity of juvenile angelfish, Pomacanthus paru, on the reefs of the Abrolhos Archipelago, western South Atlantic
Author: Sazima, I
Moura, RL
Sazima, C
Abstract: Studies on fish cleaning symbiosis in the tropical western Atlantic concentrate on specialized cleaner gobies and wrasses. On the reefs of the Abrolhos Archipelago, off the eastern Brazilian coast, juvenile french angelfish, Pomacanthus paru, clean a rich and varied community of fish clients. We recorded 31 reef fish species, including large predators such as groupers, jacks, and morays, being serviced by the french angelfish on cleaning stations situated mostly on seagrass flats. The angelfish performs a characteristic fluttering swimming at the station and, during cleaning events, touches the body of the clients with its pelvic fins. Frequency of encounters between the cleaner and its clients do not reflect the local abundance of client species; most of these move from the reefs to the sand flats to be cleaned. We found no correlation between client size and duration of cleaning events. The conspicuous black and yellow pattern, the fluttering swimming, the tenure of cleaning stations, the physical contact with the client, and the varied community of clients, qualify the juveniles of P. paru as specialized cleaners comparable to the gobies of the genus Elacatinus.
Subject: Pomacanthidae
cleaning symbiosis
cleaning stations
fish clients
feeding habits
client abundance
eastern Brazil
Country: Holanda
Editor: Kluwer Academic Publ
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1023/A:1007531925845
Date Issue: 1999
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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