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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Circular permutation and deletion studies of myoglobin indicate that the correct position of its N-terminus is required for native stability and solubility but not for native-like heme binding and folding|
|Abstract:||We Studied the effect of deleted and circularly permuted mutations in sperm whale myoglobin and present here results on three classes of mutants: (i) a deletion mutant, Mb1-99, in which the C-terminal helices, G and H, were removed; (ii) two circular permutations, Mb-B_GHA, in which helix B is N-terminal and helix A is C-terminal, and Mb-C_GHAB, in which helix C is N-terminal and helices A and B are C-terminal; and (iii) a deleted circular permutation, Mb-HAB_F, in which helix H is N-terminal, helix F is C-terminal, and helix G is deleted. The conformational characteristics of the apo and holo forms of these mutants were determined at neutral pH, by spectroscopic and hydrodynamic methods. The apo form of the deleted and permuted mutants exhibited a stronger tendency to aggregate and had lower ellipticity than the wild type. The mutants retained the ability to bind heme, but only the circularly permuted holoproteins had native-like heme binding and folding. These results agree with the theory that myoglobin has a central core that is able to bind heme, but also indicate that the presence of N- and C-terminal helices is necessary for native-like heme pocket formation. Because the holopermuteins were less stable than the wild-type protein and aggregated, we propose that the native position of the N-terminus is important for the precise Structural architecture of myoglobin.|
|Editor:||Amer Chemical Soc|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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