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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Chronic Ethanol Consumption Induces Cavernosal Smooth Muscle Dysfunction in Rats|
|Abstract:||OBJECTIVES To investigate the effects of chronic ethanol consumption on nitric oxide (NO)-mediated relaxation in rat cavernosal smooth muscle (CSM). METHODS Male wistar rats were divided into 2 groups: control and ethanol. CSM obtained from both groups were mounted in organ chambers for measurement of isometric tension. Contraction of the strips was induced by electrical field stimulation (EFS, 1-32 Hertz) and phenylephrine. We also evaluated the effect of ethanol consumption on the relaxation induced by acetylcholine (0.01-1000 mu mol L(-1)), sodium nitroprusside (SNP, 0.01-1000 mu mol L(-1)), or EFS (1-32 Hz) in strips precontracted with phenylephrine (10 mu mol L(-1)). Blood ethanol, serum testosterone levels, and basal nitrate generation were determined. Immunoexpression of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) and inducible NO synthase (iNOS) was also accessed. RESULTS Ethanol intake for 4 weeks significantly increased noradrenergic nerve-mediated contractions of CSM in response to EFS. The endothelium-dependent relaxation induced by acetylcholine decreased after the ethanol treatment. Ethanol consumption decreased serum testosterone levels but did not affect the nitrate levels on rat CSM. The mRNA and protein levels for eNOS and iNOS receptors were increased in CSM from ethanol-treated rats. CONCLUSIONS Ethanol consumption reduces endothelium-dependent relaxation induced by acetylcholine, but does not affect SNP or EFS-induced relaxation, suggesting that ethanol disrupts the endothelial function. Despite the overexpression of eNOS and iNOS in ethanol-treated rats, the impaired relaxation induced by acetylcholine may suggest that chronic ethanol consumption induces endothelial dysfunction. UROLOGY 74: 1250-1256, 2009. (C) 2009 Published by Elsevier Inc.|
|Editor:||Elsevier Science Inc|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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