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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) increases postprandial triglyceridaemia and delays triacylglycerol plasma clearance in transgenic mice
Author: Salerno, AG
Patricio, PR
Berti, JA
Oliveira, HCF
Abstract: The CETP (cholesteryl ester transfer protein) is a plasma protein synthesized in several tissues, mainly in the liver; CETP reduces plasma HDL (high-density lipoprotein) cholesterol and increases the risk of atherosclerosis. The effect of CETP levels on postprandial intravascular metabolism of TAGs (triacylglycerols) is an often-overlooked aspect of the relationship between CETP and lipoprotein metabolism. Here, we tested the hypothesis that CETP delays the plasma clearance of TAG-rich lipoprotein by comparing human CETP expressing Tg (transgenic) and non-Tg mice. After an oral fat load, the postprandial triglyceridaemia curve was markedly increased in CETP-Tg compared with non-Tg mice (280 +/- 30 versus 190 +/- 20 mg/dl per 6 h respectively, P < 0.02). No differences in intestinal fat absorption and VLDL (very-low-density lipoprotein) secretion rates were observed. Kinetic studies of double-labelled chylomicron-like EMs (emulsions) showed that both [(3)H]triolein and [(14)C] cholesteryl oleate FCRs (fractional clearance rates) were significantly reduced (similar to 20%) in CETP-Tg mice. Furthermore, TAG from lipid EM pre-incubated with CETP-Tg plasma had plasma clearance and liver uptake significantly lower than the non-Tg plasma-treated lipid EM. In addition, reductions in post-heparin plasma LPL (lipoprotein lipase) activity (50%) and adipose tissue mRNA abundance (39%) were verified in CETP-Tg mice. Therefore we conclude that CETP expression in Tg mice delays plasma clearance and liver uptake of TAG-rich lipoproteins by two mechanisms: (i) transferring TAG to HDLs and increasing CE content of the remnant particles and (ii) by diminishing LPL expression. These findings show that the level of CETP expression can influence the responsiveness to dietary fat and may lead to fat intolerance.
Subject: cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP)
fat tolerance
lipoprotein lipase
postprandial lipoprotein
transgenic mice
Country: Inglaterra
Editor: Portland Press Ltd
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1042/BJ20081299
Date Issue: 2009
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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