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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Bladder Function Evaluation Before Renal Transplantation in Nonurologic Disease: Is It Necessary?|
|Abstract:||OBJECTIVE To determine whether preoperative cystometry and a pressure flow study (PFS) are necessary in patients with end-stage renal disease from nonurologic causes who will undergo renal transplantation. METHODS From April 2009 to June 2010, 30 patients scheduled to undergo renal transplantation were prospectively evaluated with cystometry and PFS. The evaluation was performed immediately before and 6 months after renal transplantation. The inclusion criteria were age >18 years and end-stage renal disease secondary to nonurologic disease. RESULTS Improvement in the cystometry and PFS parameters was observed after the return of diuresis at 6 months after transplantation. The parameter changes from baseline to the 6-month evaluation were as follows: first sensation of bladder filling, 88.8-168.7 mL (P = .0005); first desire to void, 137.2-251.1 mL (P<.0001); maximal cystometric capacity, 221.2-428.7 mL (P<.0001); bladder compliance, 73.9-138.6 mL/cm H2O (P = .03); and maximal flow rate, 8.1-15.8 mL/s (P<.0001). The Abrams-Griffiths number in the men decreased from 31.8 to 15.2 (P = .002). No significant changes were observed in the detrusor pressure at the maximal flow rate or the postvoid residual urine volume. Patients with a 24-hour urine output < 200 mL tended to have had significantly worse parameters before transplantation. CONCLUSION Significant improvement in the cystometry and PFS parameters was observed in patients with endstage renal disease, without urologic disease, 6 months after transplantation, and was associated with recovery of the glomerular filtration rate and urine output by the renal graft. UROLOGY 83: 406-410, 2014. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc.|
|Editor:||Elsevier Science Inc|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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