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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Birefringence of the Secretory-Stage Enamel Organic Extracellular Matrix from Rats Submitted to Successive Injections of Bisphosphonates
Author: Santo, ARD
Frozoni, MRS
Ramos-Perez, FMM
Novaes, PD
Line, SRP
Abstract: The aim of the present study was to assess birefringence of the secretory-stage enamel organic extracellular matrix (ECM) and mechanical properties of mature enamel from rats treated with bisphosphonates. Longitudinal sections were obtained from upper incisors of rats that had been submitted to injections of bisodic etidronate (8 mg/Kg/day), sodium alendronate (30 mu g/Kg/day), or sodium chloride as control (8 mg/Kg/day) for 42 days. Sections were immersed in 80% glycerin for 30 min and optical retardation of birefringence brightness in the secretory-stage enamel organic ECM was determined in nanometers. Etidronate-treated rats exhibited extensive morphological changes in the secretory-stage enamel organic ECM inclusive nonbirefringent conspicuous incremental lines, but presented optical retardation values similar to those showed by control rats (p > 0.05). Birefringence of secretory enamel organic ECM from etidronate rats presented an irregular aspect. Alendronate-treated rats did not show morphological alterations in the secretory-stage enamel organic ECM, however, they presented significant reduction in optical retardation of birefringence brightness when compared with control and etidronate rats (p < 0.01). Alendronate and etidronate groups exhibited reductions of approximate to 6-10% in mature enamel cross-sectional microhardness when compared with control group (p < 0.01). Scanning electron microscopy analysis showed extensive alterations in mature enamel only from etidronate group with absence of enamel rods. The present work shows that bisphosphonates can affect the birefringence of the secretory-stage enamel organic ECM. The results presented here suggest that alterations in the supramolecular organization of the secretory-stage enamel organic ECM are a plausible mechanism by which environmental factors may cause enamel defects.
Subject: Amelogenesis
Enamel Organic Extracellular Matrix
Country: Inglaterra
Editor: Informa Healthcare
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.3109/03008200903280115
Date Issue: 2010
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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