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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Biomonitoring of environmental pollution using growth tree rings of Tipuana tipu: Quantification by synchrotron radiation total reflection X-ray fluorescence
Author: Geraldo, SM
Canteras, FB
Moreira, S
Abstract: Currently, many studies use the bioindicators to qualitatively and/or quantitatively measure pollution. The analyses of tree growth rings represent one such bioindicator as changes in the environment are often recorded as impressions in the wood. The main objective of the present study is to examine the growth rings of Tipuana tipu - a member of the Leguminosae family that is native to Argentina and Bolivia and was introduced in Brazil as an ornamental plant - for potentially toxic elements. T tipu is one of the most common trees in the urban landscape of Sao Paulo city and would provide an accurate reflection of environment changes. Tree ring samples previously dated using Synchrotron Radiation Total Reflection X-ray Fluorescence were collected from strategic locations in Sao Paulo. These locations include Piracicaba (SP) that has little access and small flow traffic and the campus of the University of Sao Paulo. Some trace elements present concentrations higher than considered as normal in some periods. In Sao Paulo city, samples collected from the campus of University of Sao Paulo (Butanta), showed the highest toxicity, with concentrations above the tolerable limit for the elements: Cr, Cu, and Pb. For the samples collected in Piracicaba city, one sample presented highest concentrations for the majority of the elements when compared to the other four samples collected at the same place, exceeding the toxicity limits for: Cr, Ni, Cu, and Pb. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Subject: Growth tree ring
Tipuana tipu
Synchrotron radiation
Total reflection
X-ray fluorescence
Country: Inglaterra
Editor: Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.radphyschem.2013.03.012
Date Issue: 2014
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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