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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||BIOMASS PHOTOCHEMISTRY .15. PHOTOBLEACHING AND BIOBLEACHING OF KRAFT EFFLUENT|
|Abstract:||The ascomycete Chrysonilia sitophila (TFB-27441 strain), in the form of mycelial pellets or immobilized in nylon, provides an effective means to decolorize lignin-containing Kraft E1 stage effluent from a wood treatment process. Mycelial pellets adsorb 25%-30% of liquor chromophores of which 60%-65% are oxidized, Culture broth containing lignin-degrading enzymes efficiently removes color by oxidation in the presence of H2O2 in 6 h. Kraft effluent is also oxidatively decomposed by a semiconductor-photocatalyzed reaction in an aqueous solution containing oxygen and semiconductor powder. Under continued illumination, the solution becomes colorless and the molecular weight distribution indicates almost total mineralization in 2 h. Effluent pre-irradiation, followed by treatment with a filtrated fungal culture, efficiently enhances effluent decolorization to an extent of 95% in around 2 h. The combined photobleaching and biobleaching procedure appears to be an efficient process with great potential for industrial effluent treatment.|
|Editor:||Elsevier Science Sa Lausanne|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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