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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Biological characteristics and pathogenicity of avian Escherichia coli strains
Author: da Silveira, WD
Ferreira, A
Brocchi, M
de Hollanda, LM
de Castro, AFP
Yamada, AT
Lancellotti, M
Abstract: Fifty avian (chicken) pathogenic Escherichia coli strains (APEC) isolated from individuals suffering from omphalitis, septicaemia and swollen head, syndrome, and 30 strains isolated from healthy chickens were studied regarding their biological characteristics such as serogroups, haemolysin, colicin, cytotoxin, toxin and siderophore production, adhesion capacity to in vitro cultivated cells, and absorption of Congo red dye. Serotyping demonstrated that most of the omphalitis and normal strains were untypable, whereas most of the septicaemic strains were either untypable or rough. There was no prevalent serogroup among the pathogenic strains studied. The capacity for adhesion and invasion of in vitro cultured cells (HeLa, HEp-2, KPCC), as well as the agglutination of different types of red blood cells and the LD50 Of each strain were also evaluated. No correlation was observed between the biological characteristics and pathogenicity, except that colicin was characteristically produced by swollen head syndrome E. coli strains. No correlation was found between adhesion or haemagglutination patterns and pathogenicity. only six of the 50 strains revealed invasive capacity and the strain that best invaded the cell lines was the one with the lowest LD50. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Subject: Escherichia coli
Country: Holanda
Editor: Elsevier Science Bv
Citation: Veterinary Microbiology. Elsevier Science Bv, v. 85, n. 1, n. 47, n. 53, 2002.
Rights: fechado
Date Issue: 2002
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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