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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Biological activity of Serratia marcescens cytotoxi
Author: Carbonell, GV
Amorim, CRN
Furumura, MT
Darini, ALC
Fonseca, BAL
Yano, T
Abstract: Serratia marcescens cytotoxin was purified to homogeneity by ionexchange chromatography on a DEAE Sepharose Fast Flow column, a followed by gel filtration chromatography on a Sephadex G100 column. The molecular mass of the cytotoxin was estimated to be about 50 kDa. Some biological properties of the cytotoxin were analyzed and compared with well-characterized toxins, such as VT1, VT2 and CNF from Escherichia coli and hemolysin produced by S. marcescens. The sensitivity of the cell lines CHO, HeLa, HEp-2, Vero, BHK-21, MA 104 and J774 to the cytotoxin was determined by the cell viability assay using neutral red. CHO and HEp-2 were highly sensitive, with massive cellular death after 1 h of treatment, followed by BHK-21, HeLa, Vero and J774 cells, while MA 104 was insensitive to the toxin. Cytotoxin induced morphological changes such as cell rounding with cytoplasmic retraction and nuclear compactation which were evident 15 min after the addition of cytotoxin. The cytotoxic assays show that 15 min of treatment with the cytotoxin induced irreversible intoxication of the cells, determined by loss of cell viability. Concentrations of 2 CD50 (0.56 mug/ml) of purified cytotoxin did not present any hemolytic activity, showing that the cytotoxin is distinct from S. marcescens hemolysin. Antisera prepared against S. marcescens cytotoxin did not neutralize the cytotoxic activity of VT1, VT2 or CNF toxin, indicating that these toxins do not share antigenic determinants with cytotoxin. Moreover, we did not detect gene sequences for any of these toxins in S. marcescens by PCR assay. These results suggest that S. marcescens cytotoxin is not related to any of these toxins from E. coli.
Subject: cell culture
biological activity
Serratia marcescens
virulence factors
Country: Brasil
Editor: Assoc Bras Divulg Cientifica
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1590/S0100-879X2003000300010
Date Issue: 2003
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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