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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Biochemical and biophysical characterization of small heat shock proteins from sugarcane Involvement of a specific region located at the N-terminus with substrate specificity|
|Abstract:||When cells are submitted to an increase in temperature, heat shock proteins (Hsp) are synthesized to help heat stress resistance. Small Hsps, which are diverse and abundant in plants, have the major function of preventing irreversible protein aggregation. The diversity of small Hsps in plants is intriguing and characterization of their chaperone activity is important to understand plant tolerance to heat stress. A previous study showed that small Hsps, mainly represented by class I (cytosolic), correspond to about 5% of all sugarcane Expressed Sequencing Tags belonging to the molecular chaperone category. Here, we present biochemical and biophysical characterization of two sugarcane small Hsps from class I, which were named SsHsp 17.2 and SsHsp 17.9 according to their monomer molecular mass of 17.2 and 17.9 kDa, respectively. The recombinant proteins have identity of about 75% to each other and similar structural characteristics. However, their stability and their chaperone activity were not equivalent: SsHsp 17.9 was more efficient in protecting citrate synthase and malate dehydrogenase from aggregation whereas SsHsp 17.2 was more efficient in protecting luciferase from aggregations There is only one region, which is located at the N-terminus, of low homology between these two proteins. Based on that and on previous works pointing to multiple sites, mainly at the N-terminus, involved with substrate specificity in small Hsps, we suggest that this specific region is one of these sites. In addition, this is the first report on the chaperone activity of sugarcane small Hsps. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.|
|Subject:||small heat shock protein|
|Editor:||Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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