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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Bidirectional selection for body mass and correlated response of pyrethroid resistance and fitness in Sitophilus zeamais|
|Abstract:||Responses to artificial selection on body mass in the maize weevil Sitophilus zeamais (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) were investigated to determine whether changes in body mass are associated with insecticide susceptibility, rate of population growth, and metabolic rate. Two strains of the maize weevil differing in susceptibility to pyrethroid insecticides were subjected to bidirectional selection on body mass. The susceptible strain responded to selection resulting in individuals with lower or higher body mass, but the resistant strain responded significantly only to selection for lower body mass. The resistant strain selected for low body mass increased its level of deltamethrin resistance in 44 x . In contrast, selection for low body mass in the susceptible parental strain led to increased deltamethrin susceptibility (50 x ) and selection for high body mass increased deltamethrin resistance (4 x ). Thus, the correlated response of insecticide resistance to selection for body mass differed between strains, a likely consequence of their distinct genetic background. Regardless, body mass was positively correlated with fitness (reproductive output) (r = 0.79; P < 0.001), while such correlation with respiration rate was significant only at P = 0.07 (r = 0.44). Therefore, the association between body mass and deltamethrin resistance is population-dependent in the maize weevil, and the confluence of deltamethrin resistance and high body mass in a given strain will likely favour its energy metabolism and lead to the mitigation of fitness costs usually associated with insecticide resistance. The genetic background and selection history of insecticide resistant populations should not be neglected since they may favour the confluence of insecticide resistance with mitigation mechanisms of its associated fitness costs limiting the tactics available to their management.|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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