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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Bcl-2 prevents mitochondrial permeability transition and cytochrome c release via maintenance of reduced pyridine nucleotides|
|Abstract:||Digitonin-permeabilized PC12 and GT1-7 neural cells exhibited a cyclosporin A-sensitive decrease in mitochondrial membrane potential, increased volume, and release of the proapoptotic factor cytochrome c in the presence of Ca2+ and the mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) inducers t-butyl hydroperoxide (t-bOOH) or phenylarsine oxide (PhAsO). Although the concentration of PhAsO required to induce the MPT was similar for Bcl-2 negative and Bcl-2 overexpressing transfected cells (Bcl-2(+)), the level of t-bOOH necessary for triggering the MPT was much hi gh er for Bcl-2(+) cells, A higher concentration of t-bOOH was also necessary for promoting the oxidation of mitochondrial pyridine nucleotides in Bcl-2(+) cells. The sensitivity of Bcl-2(-)cell mitochondria to t-bOOH but not PhAsO could be overcome by the use of conditions that protect the pyridine nucleotides against oxidation, We conclude that the increased ability of Bcl-2(+) cells to maintain mitochondrial pyridine nucleotides in a reduced redox state is sufficient explanation for their resistance to MPT under conditions of oxidative stress induced by Ca2+ plus t-bOOH.|
|Editor:||Nature Publishing Group|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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