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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Autologous periodontal ligament cells in the treatment of class II furcation defects: a study in dogs|
|Abstract:||P>Aim The goal of this study was to histologically investigate the use of periodontal ligament cells (PDL cells) in tissue engineering to regenerate class II furcation defects. Material and Methods PDL cells were obtained from the mandibular tooth extracted from each dog (seven), cultured in vitro and phenotypically characterized with regard to their biological properties. Following, bilateral class II furcation lesions were created at maxillary 3rd premolars and were randomly assigned to the test group [PDL cells+guided tissue regeneration (GTR)] or the control group (GTR). After 3 months, the animals were euthanized to evaluate the histometric parameters. Results In vitro, PDL cells were able to promote mineral nodule formation and to express bone sialoprotein, type I collagen and alkaline phosphatase. Histometrically, data analysis demonstrated that the cell-treated group presented a superior length of new cementum (6.00 +/- 1.50 and 8.08 +/- 1.08 mm), a greater extension of periodontal regeneration (3.94 +/- 1.20 and 7.28 +/- 1.00 mm), a lower formation of connective tissue/epithelium (2.15 +/- 1.92 and 0.60 +/- 0.99 mm), a larger area of new bone (7.01 +/- 0.61 and 9.02 +/- 2.30 mm2) and a smaller area of connective tissue/epithelium (5.90 +/- 1.67 and 4.22 +/- 0.95 mm2), when compared with control group. Conclusion PDL cells in association with GTR may significantly promote periodontal regeneration in class II furcation defects in dog.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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