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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Atrial supersensitivity to noradrenaline in stressed female rats|
|Abstract:||Stress can change the responses to catecholamines in many tissues. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of the estrous cycle on the sensitivity of right atria to noradrenaline in female rats subjected to acute swimming stress. Female Wistar rats in proestrus, estrus, metestrus or diestrus were submitted to a 50 min-swimming session. Immediately after the exercise, the rats were killed and their right atria were mounted for isometric recording of the spontaneous beating rate. Concentration-effect curves to noradrenaline were obtained before and after the inhibition of neuronal uptake with phenoxybenzamine (10 muM) and of extraneuronal uptake with estradiol (5 muM). Acute swimming stress did not change the right atrial sensitivity to noradrenaline in rats in estrus, metestrus and diestrus. However, swimming stress produced supersensitivity to noradrenaline in proestrus (pD(2) control: 7.14 +/- 0.03 vs. pD(2) swimming: 7.55 +/- 0.04; p < 0.05). This supersensitivity was still observed after uptake inhibition. When catecholamine uptake was inhibited, the concentration-effect curve to noradrenaline was shifted to the left 2.5-fold in the proestrus control group and 1.7-fold in the proestrus stress group (p < 0.05). In conclusion, the estrous cycle influenced the acute stress-induced atrial supersensitivity to noradrenaline. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.|
|Editor:||Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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