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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Asymptotic behavior of a stationary silo with absorbing walls
Author: Barros, SRM
Ferrari, PA
Garcia, NL
Martinez, S
Abstract: We study the nearest neighbors one dimensional uniform q-model of force fluctuations in bead packs,((1)) a stochastic model to simulate the stress of granular media in two dimensional silos. The vertical coordinate plays the role of time, and the horizontal coordinate the role of space. The process is a discrete time Markov process with state space R-{1,R-...N}. At each layer (time), the weight supported by each grain is a random variable of mean ones (its own weight) plus the sum of random fractions of the weights supported by the! nearest neighboring grains at the previous layer. The fraction of the weight given to the right neighbor of the successive layer is a uniform random variable in [0, 1] independent of everything. The remaining weight is given to the left neighbor. In the boundaries, a uniform fraction of the weight leans on the wall of the silo. This corresponds to absorbing boundary conditions. For this model we show that there exists a unique invariant measure. The mean weight at site i under the invariant measure is i(N+1-i); we prove that its variance is 1/2(i(N+1-i))(2) + O(N-3) and the covariances between grains i not equal j are of order O(N-3). Moreover, as N --> infinity, the law under the invariant measure of the weights divided by N 2 around site (integer part of) rN, r is an element of (0, 1), converges to a product of gamma distributions with parameters 2 and 2(r(1-r))(-1) (sum of two exponentials of mean r(1-r)/2). Liu et al.((2)) proved that for a silo with infinitely many weightless grains, any product of gamma distributions with parameters 2 and 2/p with rho is an element of [0,infinity) are invariant. Our result shows that as the silo grows, the model selects exactly one of these Gamma's at each macroscopic place.
Subject: granular media
silos stress
Country: EUA
Editor: Kluwer Academic/plenum Publ
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1023/A:1013702220938
Date Issue: 2002
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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