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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Assessment of thickness and function of masticatory and cervical muscles in adults with and without temporomandibular disorders|
|Abstract:||Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the maximal bite force (MBF), electromyographic (EMG) activity and thickness of the masseter, anterior part of the temporalis and sternocleidomastoid (SCM) muscles in a group of young adults with and without temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). Design: Nineteen individuals comprised the TMD group (6 males/13 females, aged 25.4 +/- 3.8 years), classified based on the Research Diagnostic Criteria for TMD (RDC/TMD), and 19 comprised the control group (6 males/13 females, aged 24.1 +/- 3.6 years). The MBF was determined with a transducer placed between the dental arches at the first molars level (N). The muscles were evaluated bilaterally at rest and during maximal voluntary clenching (MVC) by assessing EMG activity and performing ultrasonography (USG). The mean values of these measures for both sides of the mouth were used. The normality of the distributions was assessed by the Shapiro-Wilks test. Variables between groups and genders were compared using two-way factorial ANOVA test and correlated using the Spearman coefficient (alpha = 0.05). Unpaired t test was used to compare variables between TMD subgroups. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify the variables associated with the presence of TMD. Results: MBF, EMG and USG data were similar among clinical groups and among TMD subgroups. The thickness of masseter and SCM muscles in the relaxed and clenching states were significantly higher in males than females. On the other hand, the EMG of the temporalis muscle in the rest state was significantly higher in females than males. Additionally, the MBF was positively correlated with the USG characteristics of masseter and SCM muscles, as well as with the EMG activity of masseter and temporalis muscles in the TMD group. In this group, there was also a positive correlation between the thickness of the masseter muscle and its activity. On the other hand, the thickness of the SCM muscle was negatively correlated with its activity. A lower MBF was independently associated with the presence of TMD.|
|Editor:||Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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