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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Artifact evidence in carbonyl compound sampling using the enclosure technique with cuvette system
Author: Pisani, SO
Bruns, RE
Vasconcellos, PC
Carvalho, LRF
Abstract: Biogenic hydrocarbon emission rates from individual plant species have been estimated experimentally placing small plants or branches in enclosures and measuring the emission rates of the compounds. All-Teflon chambers (cuvettes) where air samples are drawn through tubes packed with adsorbents, have been commonly used for plant enclosure. Sampling of carbonyl compounds emitted from plants has been done using 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine coated particles and the derivative carbonyl compounds have been analyzed by HPLC-UV. In this work, the enclosure technique using a cuvette for measurements of carbonyl compound emissions from plants was evaluated. Blank measurements in an empty cuvette have revealed quite different results for experiments performed under laboratory and field conditions. Rigorous univariate statistical analysis of the data obtained indicate that the analytical procedure to determine carbonyl compounds at trace levels in emission samples using the cuvette may lead to positive artifacts during field sampling. This analysis applied to laboratory measurements showed no difference in the results for the cuvette and external lines. Multivariate statistical calculations point out that solar light intensity accounts for the high carbonyl compound levels, especially for acetaldehyde, in the empty cuvette.
Country: Inglaterra
Editor: Royal Soc Chemistry
Rights: embargo
Identifier DOI: 10.1039/b305231c
Date Issue: 2003
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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