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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Argyrophilic nucleolar organizer region (AgNOR) technique: a helpful tool for differential diagnosis in urinary cytology|
|Abstract:||The aim of this study was to investigate whether the AgNOR technique could be helpful for the cytologic diagnosis of neoplastic and non-neoplastic urinary tract lesions. We analysed the AgNOR pattern in urinary cytology in samples from 70 patients. In every case the average number of silver precipitations per nucleus was counted and the range between the minimum and maximum AgNOR value calculated. Furthermore we noted whether the AgNOR precipitations had a homogeneous or heterogeneous distribution. The diseases were classified in three groups. non-neoplastic lesions, low grade and high grade carcinoma. Linear discriminant analysis (with jack-knife procedure) was performed with the AgNOR parameters as independent variables. The final diagnosis of each patient had been established by histological analysis of bladder biopsies. We obtained a correct classification in 84.3% of the cases. All patients with normal or reactive lesions were correctly classified and only two cases of low grade malignancy were erroneously diagnosed as non-malignant. Five high grade neoplasms had been classified as low grade and four low grade carcinomas had been over-diagnosed as high grade neoplasms. We conclude that a combined qualitative and quantitative AgNOR analysis can be useful in the differential diagnosis of urinary cytology.|
|Editor:||Blackwell Science Ltd|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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