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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Application of natural and modified hectorite clays as adsorbents to removal of Cr(VI) from aqueous solution-Thermodynamic and equilibrium study (Retracted article. See vol. 194, pg. 446, 2011)|
|Abstract:||A hectorite (H) clay sample has been modified with 2-mercaptobenzimidazole (MBI) using homogeneous and heterogeneous routes. Both modification methodologies resulted in similar products. named H(HOM) and H(HET), respectively. These materials were characterized by CO(2) gas adsorption, elemental analysis. nuclear magnetic nuclei of carbon-13 and silicon-29. The effect of two variables (contact time and metal concentration) has been studied using batch technique at room temperature and pH 2.0. After achieving the best conditions for Cr(VI) adsorption, isotherms of this adsorbate on using the chosen adsorbents were obtained, which were fitted to non-linear Sips isotherm model. The maximum number of moles adsorbed was determined to be 11.63, 12.85 and 14.01 mmol g(-1) for H, H(HOM) and H(HET), respectively. reflecting the maximum adsorption order of H(HET) > H(HOM) > H. The energetic effects (Delta(int)H degrees, Delta(int)G degrees, and Delta(int)S degrees) caused by chromium ion adsorption were determined through calorimetric titrations. (C) 2009 Published by Elsevier B.V|
|Editor:||Elsevier Science Bv|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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