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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Analysis and characterization of cultivable extremophilic hydrolytic bacterial community in heavy-metal-contaminated soils from the Atacama Desert and their biotechnological potentials
Author: Moreno, ML
Piubeli, F
Bonfa, MRL
Garcia, MT
Durrant, LR
Mellado, E
Abstract: Aims To isolate and characterize the cultivable community of hydrolase producers (amylase, protease, lipase, DNase, xylanase and pullulanase) inhabiting heavy-metal-contaminated soils in extreme conditions from the Atacama Desert. Methods and Results A total of 25 bacterial strains showing hydrolytic activities have been selected including halotolerants, extremely halotolerants and moderate halophiles. Most hydrolase producers were assigned to the family B acillaceae, belonging to the genera Bacillus (nine strains), Halobacillus (seven strains) and Thalassobacillus (five strains) and four isolates were related to members of the families Pseudomonadaceae, Halomonadaceae and Staphylococcaceae. The selected strains were then characterized for their tolerance pattern to six heavy metals, measured as minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs). Conclusions The diversity found in the cultivable bacterial community analysed is more limited than that detected in other ecological studies owing to the restrictive conditions used in the screening. The dominant bacteria were Firmicutes and particularly, species related to the genus Bacillus. Significance and Impact of the Study This study is focused on the characterization of extremophilic hydrolytic bacteria, providing candidates as a source of novel enzymes with biotechnological applications.
Subject: Atacama Desert
heavy-metal-contaminated soils
hydrolytic extremophilic bacteria
Country: EUA
Editor: Wiley-blackwell
Citation: Journal Of Applied Microbiology. Wiley-blackwell, v. 113, n. 3, n. 550, n. 559, 2012.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2672.2012.05366.x
Date Issue: 2012
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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