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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: An investigation of chlorophenol proton affinities and their influence on the biological activity of microorganisms
Author: Basheer, MM
Custodio, R
Volpe, PLO
Rittner, R
Abstract: The proton affinities of 15 chlorophenols are calculated by A initio methods. Straight correlation between proton affinities and changes in the electronic structure is observed. The proton affinities decrease linearly with the electronic density gain oil the chlorine atoms, as the liberation of the proton increases. To confirm the importance of the proton affinities oil the toxicity of chlorophenols, calorimetric responses of these molecules and related ones where the acid proton is changed to a methyl group (anisol and its chlorinated derivatives) were used to verify their effects oil Chromobacterium violaceum. The results confirmed that the chlorophenols are more toxic than the respective chloroanisols and suggest that high proton affinities are associated with low toxic activity. The toxicity of the chlorophenols can be associated with the respiratory mechanism in some microorganisms.
Country: EUA
Editor: Amer Chemical Soc
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1021/jp054390t
Date Issue: 2006
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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