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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||An automated system for liquid-liquid extraction based on a new micro-batch extraction chamber with on-line detection - Preconcentration and determination of copper(II)|
|Abstract:||An automated system to perform liquid-liquid extraction is proposed, in which the effective mixture (the intimate contact) between the aqueous phase and the organic phase, as well as the separation of the phases, are carried out in a micro-batch glass extraction chamber. Sample, reagents and organic solvent are introduced into the glass extraction chamber by a peristaltic pump using air as carrier. The detection of the extracted species from the aqueous phase is made in a small volume (120-150 mul) of isobutyl methyl ketone (MIBK). The system allows enrichment factors of 2-10-fold. The proposed automatic system was evaluated for Cu(II) extraction based on complex formation between copper(II) and 1-(2'-pyridylazo)naphthol (PAN) in MIBK. When a volumetric ration of 2:1 (aqueous: organic) was implemented, copper was detected in the concentration range of 100-1600 mug l(-1) (r = 0.9995) with a relative standard deviation of 2% (200 mug l(-1), n = 5) and a detection limit of 20 mug l(-1). The analytical curve was linear over the concentration range 25-500 mug l(-1) (r = 0.9994) when a volumetric ratio of 10:1 was employed. With this ratio, the detection limit was 5.0 mug l(-1) and the relative standard deviation was 6% (50 mug l(-1), n = 5). (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|
micro-batch extraction chamber
|Editor:||Elsevier Science Bv|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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