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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Amphibian declines in Brazil: An overview|
|Abstract:||Population declines have previously been reported for at least 31 amphibian species in Brazil, in the families Leptodactylidae (19), Hylidae (7), Centrolenidae (2), Dendrobatidae (2), and Bufonidae (1). In five Brazilian museum collections, we found no entries of new records dating back to at least 15 yr ago for 13 of these species. We suggest that these taxa be studied in more detail to verify their status and to generate basic ecological data. Museum data indicate that the remaining species have been recently found in areas of reported crashes, or elsewhere. Several apparent declines in Brazil can be associated with habitat loss, interspecific interactions, natural fluctuations, or lack of intensive sampling. Personal observations and field data also indicate possible declines in the states of Parana and Ceara as well as in highlands within the Cerrado biome, in the state of Minas Gerais. Records suggest declines of montane and stream-associated populations of Brazilian amphibians in apparently pristine habitats. Field work is necessary to confirm these cases and to examine whether factors associated with similar extinctions in other parts of the globe-such as pathogens and climate change-are also related to local disappearances. To clarify pending questions and perhaps circumvent new cases, it is important to invest in short- and long-term field studies, and in the maintenance and expansion of museum collections.|
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|Editor:||Blackwell Publishing Inc|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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