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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Acute administration of nicotine impairs the hypotensive responses to bradykinin in rats|
do Prado, JF
|Abstract:||Nicotine may contribute to smoking-induced endothelial dysfunction because of its ability to impair endothelium-dependent vasodilatation. We investigated whether the acute administration of nicotine changes the hypotensive responses to bradykinin in rats. The effects of pre-treatment with losartan or enalapril on the nicotine-induced changes in the responses to bradykinin were also evaluated. In study 1, anesthetized rats were cannulated via carotid artery for the measurement of mean arterial pressure. Dose-response curves to bradykinin (0.1, 0.4, 1.6, 6.4, 25 and 100 mug/kg) were generated before and 10 min after the injection of nicotine (200 mug/kg, i.v.) or saline. The individual dose-response curves were fitted to a four-parameter logistic equation using the ALLFIT program, which provided an estimate of the maximal response (E-max) and of the dose of bradykinin producing the half-maximal response (ED50). In study 2, rats were pre-treated orally with losartan (10 mg/kg/day) or enalapril maleate (25 mg/kg/day) for 2 weeks. Control rats received tap water alone. After pre-treatment, the rats were anesthetized and used as described in study 1. Nicotine decreased the E-max (from 73.0 +/- 7.5 to 65.7 +/- 3.3 mm Hg; P < 0.05) but did not affect the ED50. In study 2, losartan or enalapril did not affect nicotine-induced decrease in responses to bradykinin; E-max decreased in both groups (from 68.7 +/- 6.3 to 62.8 +/- 4.2 mm Hg, and from 53.8 +/- 13.0 to 43.1 +/- 7.1 mm Hg, respectively; P < 0.05) without significantly changing the ED50. These results suggest that nicotine impairs the endothelium-dependent hypotensive responses to bradykinin. This effect is not influenced by inhibition of the angiotensin-converting enzyme or by blockade of the angiotensin AT(1) receptors. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.|
|Editor:||Elsevier Science Bv|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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