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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||A PVC sensing phase for determination of BTEX in water employing mid-infrared spectroscopy|
|Abstract:||The evaluation of PVC films, cast with 2-(2-hydroxy-5-tert-octylphenyl)benzotriazol (Tinuvin) as stabiliser (0.3%) and di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DOP) as plasticiser (25 or 40%), for use as sensing phases for benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene (BTEX) determinations, based on transmittance measurements in the mid-infrared (MIR) region, is described. Measurements were carried out by inserting a PVC sensing phase into a vial, which was then completely filled with the hydrocarbon sample solution. Afterwards, the sensing phase was removed from the vial and placed in the optical path of a spectrophotometer for acquiring absorbance spectra from 12,800 to 650 cm(-1). Kinetic measurements showed that the films reached saturation within 180 min for all BTEX compounds. Analytical curves were constructed for BTEX compounds in the 0-80 mg L(-1) concentration range, showing, respectively, detection limits and sensitivities (expressed as the slope of the analytical curves) of 5.0 mg L(-1) and 2.6 x 10(-5) L mg(-1) for benzene (measured at 688 cm(-1)), 6.9 mg L(-1) and 3.6 x 10(-5) L mg(-1) for toluene (at 728 cm(-1)), 9.0 mg L(-1) and 4.7 x 10(-5) L mg(-1) for ethylbenzene (at 695 cm(-1)), and 4.0 mg L(-1) and 3.7 x 10(-5) L mg(-1) for xylene (at 778 cm(-1)), when PVC film with 25% plasticiser was employed. The sensitivity was increased when 40% of plasticiser was used in the film preparation. These results demonstrate the feasibility of using transmittance measurements in the mid-infrared region for determining BTEX compounds in water, after their extraction by a Pvc film. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|
|Editor:||Elsevier Science Bv|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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