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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Membrane effects of trifluoperazine, dibucaine and praziquantel on human erythrocytes|
|Abstract:||Trifluoperazine (TFP) is a potent antipsychotic agent, dibucaine (DBC) is a local anaesthetic and praziquantel (PZQ) is a highly effective agent against schistosomiasis. The present work was conducted to (i) investigate the cytotoxic effects of TFP, DEC and PZQ on human erythrocyte membranes; and (ii) compare the alterations induced by the cationic drugs (TFP and DEC) with those induced by the uncharged compound (PZQ), in an attempt to have a better insight on the pathways of each drug-membrane interaction. The erythrocyte morphological alterations induced by sublytic concentrations of TFP, DEC and PZQ were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy and expressed quantitatively by the morphological index. Haemolysis and release of membrane lipids (phospholipids and cholesterol) produced by selected concentrations of TFP, DEC and PZQ, were compared with those resulting from the corresponding triple concentrations of each drug. Our results showed that the uncharged molecule of PZQ induces the same morphological alterations (stomatocytosis) as the cationic drugs TFP and DEC. Haemolysis was shown to vary with the drug used and to be concentration-dependent, with values similar to 10-fold more elevated for TFP and DEC than for PZQ, which revealed st maximum of 6% haemolysis for the highest concentration tested. Different concentration-response curves were obtained for lipid elution, although the profiles of cholesterol and phospholipids released were similar for all drugs. Nevertheless, at a fixed rate of 50% haemolysis, TFP induced a similar to 2-fold increment in the elution of cholesterol when compared with that produced by DEC (P < 0.05). The different effects induced by TFP, DEC and PZQ on erythrocyte morphology, haemolysis and lipid exfoliation are related to the physical and chemical characteristics of each compound. These results suggest that distinct cell membrane interaction pathways lead to drug-specific mechanisms of cytotoxicity. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.|
|Editor:||Elsevier Sci Ireland Ltd|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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