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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Mapping phases of poly(vinyl alcohol) and poly(vinyl acetate) blends by FTIR microspectroscopy and optical fluorescence microscopy
Author: Dibbern-Brunelli, D
Atvars, TDZ
Joekes, I
Barbosa, VC
Abstract: Fluorescence optical microscopy (FOM) of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) and poly(vinyl acetate) (PVAc) blends in compositions 9/1, 1/1, and 1/9 (w/w) show that these blends present phase separation in the solid state. Each domain of the solid samples was identified by FOM as PVA-richer domains by green fluorescence of fluorescein and PVAc-richer domains by the blue fluorescence of anthracene. The dimensions, shapes, and distributions of these domains were dependent on the initial composition of the polymeric mixtures in the solution. Specific interactions between both homopolymers were studied using FTIR microspectroscopy, which allowed us to obtain spectra for both PVA-richer and PVAc-richer domains. These spectra demonstrated that partial miscibility could occur only for blends with a higher PVAc content and, in these cases, we observed interchain hydrogen-bonded carbonyl groups. Fluorescence microscopy of blends with this partial miscibility exhibited small interconnected domains produced by coalescence of droplets during the polymer phase separation process. (C) 1998 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Subject: polymer blends
Country: EUA
Editor: John Wiley & Sons Inc
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-4628(19980725)69:4<645
Date Issue: 1998
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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