Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/53139
Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: A double-blind controlled clinical trial of oxcarbazepine versus phenytoin in children and adolescents with epilepsy
Author: Guerreiro, MM
Vigonius, U
Pohlmann, H
deManreza, MLG
Fejerman, N
Antoniuk, SA
Moore, A
Abstract: In many countries oxcarbazepine (OXC) has been registered for use as first-line and add-on treatment for patients with partial seizures with or without secondarily generalized seizures (PS) and generalized tonic-clonic seizures without partial onset (GTCS). Its use as monotherapy in children and adolescents with newly diagnosed epilepsy was investigated in this double-blind, randomized, parallel-group comparison with phenytoin (PHT), A total of 193 patients aged 5-18 years with either PS or GTCS were enrolled. After a retrospective baseline assessment, patients were randomized to OXC or PI-IT in a 1:1 ratio. The double-blind treatment phase comprised two periods: an 8-week flexible titration period; followed by 48 weeks maintenance treatment. In the efficacy analyses, there were no statistically significant differences between OXC and PHT. Forty-nine (61%) patients in the OXC group and 46 (60%) in the PI-IT group were seizure-free during the maintenance period. In total, 24 patients in the OXC group discontinued treatment prematurely (two for tolerability reasons) compared with 34 in the PI-IT group (14 for tolerability reasons). The number of premature discontinuations due to adverse experiences was statistically significantly lower in the OXC group than in the PI-IT group. Moreover, the odds of an individual discontinuing prematurely (regardless of reason) were almost twice as high in the PHT group. This trial provides further support for the efficacy and safety of OXC as first-line treatment in children and adolescents with PS and GTCS, In addition, the results show that OXC in these patients has significant advantages over PI-IT in terms of tolerability and treatment retention. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science B.V.
Subject: oxcarbazepine
phenytoin
children
long-term treatment
monotherapy
Country: Holanda
Editor: Elsevier Science Bv
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/S0920-1211(97)00025-9
Date Issue: 1997
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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