Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/53109
Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: A depositional model for a wave-dominated open-coast tidal flat, based on analyses of the Cambrian-Ordovician Lagarto and Palmares formations, north-eastern Brazil
Author: Basilici, G
de Luca, PHV
Oliveira, EP
Abstract: Open-coast tidal flats are hybrid depositional systems resulting from the interaction of waves and tides. Modern examples have been recognized, but few cases have been described in ancient rock successions. An example of an ancient open-coast tidal flat, the depositional architecture of the Lagarto and Palmares formations (CambrianOrdovician of the Sergipano Belt, north-eastern Brazil) is presented here. Detailed field analyses of outcrops allowed the development of a conceptual architectural model for a coastal depositional environment that is substantially different from classical wave-dominated or tide-dominated coastal models. This architectural model is dominated by storm wave, low orbital velocity wave and tidal current beds, which vary in their characteristics and distribution. In a landward direction, the storm deposits decrease in abundance, dimension (thickness and spacing) and grain size, and vary from accretionary through scour and drape to anisotropic hummocky cross-stratification beds. Low orbital wave deposits are more common in the medium and upper portion of the tidal flat. Tidal deposits, which are characterized by mudstone interbedded with sandstone strata, are dominant in the landward portion of the tidal flat. Hummocky cross-stratification beds in the rock record are believed, in general, to represent storm deposits in palaeoenvironments below the fair-weather wave base. However, in this model of an open-coast tidal flat, hummocky cross-stratification beds were found in very shallow waters above the fair-weather wave base. Indeed, this depositional environment was characterized by: (i) fair-weather waves and tides that lacked sufficient energy to rework the storm deposits; (ii) an absence of biological communities that could disrupt the storm deposits; and (iii) high aggradation rates linked to an active foreland basin, which contributed definitively to the rapid burial and preservation of these hummocky cross-stratification deposits.
Subject: Hummocky cross-stratification
Lagarto and Palmares formations
north-eastern Brazil
open-coast tidal flat
storm deposits
tidal deposits
Country: EUA
Editor: Wiley-blackwell
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3091.2011.01318.x
Date Issue: 2012
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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