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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Long-term prognosis of cirrhosis after spontaneous bacterial peritonitis treated with ceftriaxone|
De Souza, JB
|Abstract:||Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a frequent infection in cirrhotic patients with ascites, with a poor prognosis. The aims of this study were to determine the long-term survival of cirrhotic patients with SBP treated with ceftriaxone and to identify predictive factors related to survival. We studied 47 first episodes of SBP treated with ceftriaxone with a mean follow-up of 272 days. Nineteen variables were recorded to evaluate their relation to survival. The most frequent organism that caused SBP was Escherichia coli (40%). Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis resolution was achieved in 67% of patients. After resolution, SBP recurrence was observed in 44% of patients. The cumulative probability of survival was 68.1% at 1 month and 30.8% at 6 months. After uni- and multivariate analyses of all cases, SBP resolution (p=0.0001) and international normalized ratio (INR) (p=0.0057) were found to be related to survival. Another analysis performed after SBP resolution and SBP recurrence showed that ascitic fluid-positive culture (p=0.0344) and INR (p=0.0218) had statistical significance as variables predictive of long-term survival. We conclude that the survival of cirrhotic patients is very short after the first episode of SBP, a fact probably related to advanced liver disease, as liver dysfunction (INR) is the most important factor related to long-term patient survival.|
|Subject:||spontaneous bacterial peritonitis|
|Editor:||Lippincott Williams & Wilkins|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp|
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