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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: 24-epibrassinolide restores nitrogen metabolism of pigeon pea under saline stress
Author: Dalio, RJD
Pinheiro, HP
Sodek, L
Haddad, CRB
Abstract: Several studies have shown that brassinosteroids attenuate the effects of salt stress. However, nothing is known about their effects on amino acid transport, nor the effects of these hormones on nitrate uptake under saline conditions. This study set out to determine the effects of 24-epibrassinolide, at concentrations of 10-7 M and 0.5 x 10-9 M, and clotrimazole (inhibitor of brassinosteroid synthesis), at 10-4 M, on nitrate uptake and metabolism in plants of C. cajan (L.) Millsp, cultivar C11, growing under salinity. The following aspects were analyzed: levels of proteins, amino acids, nitrate, nitrate reductase of roots and the composition of xylem sap amino acids. Salinity reduced the proportion of N-transport amino acids ASN (the major component), GLU, ASP and GLN. The effect of the hormone in reducing the adverse effects of salt was related to the reestablishment (totally or partially) of the proportions of GLU, ASN and GLN, transported in the xylem and to the small but significant increase in uptake of nitrate. Increased nitrate uptake, induced by 24- epibrassinolide, was associated with a higher activity of nitrate reductase together with greater levels of free amino acids and soluble proteins in roots of plants cultivated under saline conditions. The decline in several components of nitrogen metabolism, induced by salt, was attenuated by 24-epibrassinolide application and accentuated by clotrimazole, indicating the importance of brassinosteroid synthesis for plants growing under salinity.
Subject: Cajanus cajan
Brassinosteroid synthesis inhibitor
Nitrate uptake
Nitrogen metabolism
N-transport amino acids
Saline stress
Xylem amino acids
Xylem exudate
Country: EUA
Editor: Springer
Citation: Botanical Studies. Springer, v. 54, 2013.
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1186/1999-3110-54-9
Date Issue: 2013
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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