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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Prevalence of C-shaped root canal in a Brazilian subpopulation: a cone-beam computed tomography analysis
Author: Ladeira, Daniela Brait Silva
Cruz, Adriana Dibo
Freitas, Deborah Queiroz
Almeida, Solange Maria
Abstract: The aim of this study was to use cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images to evaluate the prevalence and configurations of C-shaped canals in permanent mandibular second molars among members of a Brazilian subpopulation. CBCT exams of 214 patients (406 teeth) were evaluated for: presence of C-shaped root canals, number of canals and direction of the root grooves (buccal or lingual). Of the 214 CBCT images examined, 192 showed intact bilateral molars, which were used to analyze the distribution of unilateral and bilateral occurrences of C-shaped canals. The prevalence of these canals was correlated with gender and age, and the number of canals was correlated with the direction of the root grooves using the chi-squared test (α = 0.05). The prevalence of C-shaped canals was 15.3%. This prevalence did not differ with gender or age. Most of the C-shaped molars had three (43.5%) or two (37.1%) canals; 69.4% of the C-shaped canals were grooved in the buccal direction; 68.3% of the C-shaped cases were unilateral. In conclusion, there was a significant prevalence of C-shaped canals in the mandibular second molars of the population studied; the C-shaped canal system varied in configuration, with a higher prevalence of three and two canals and unilateral occurrence; CBCT is a useful tool for endodontic diagnosis and treatment.
Subject: Anatomy
Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
Editor: Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica - SBPqO
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1590/S1806-83242013005000027
Date Issue: 1-Jan-2014
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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