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Type: Artigo
Title: Dietary patterns associated to clinical aspects in Crohn's disease patients
Author: Castro, Marina Moreira de
Corona, Ligiana Pires
Pascoal, Lívia Bitencourt
Miyamoto, Josiane Érica
Ignacio-Souza, Leticia Martins
Ayrizono, Maria de Lourdes Setsuko
Torsoni, Marcio Alberto
Torsoni, Adriana Souza
Leal, Raquel Franco
Milanski, Marciane
Abstract: Diet is an important factor in both the pathogenesis and in the clinical course of Crohn’s disease (CD). However, data on dietary patterns of CD patients are rather limited in the literature. This cross-sectional study included 60 patients with CD, aged 18–60 years. Dietary intake was assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire to measure food consumption patterns by principal component analysis (PCA). Multiple regression analysis was performed to investigate the association between dietary patterns and clinical and demographic variables. Three dietary patterns were identified: “Traditional + FODMAP” was associated with symptoms, gender, previous surgeries, and duration of the disease. “Fitness style” was positively associated with physical activity and negatively associated with body mass index and smoking. “Snacks and processed foods” was positively associated with duration of the disease and negatively associated with age. According to the weekly food consumption analysis, patients with active disease consumed less coffee and tea. We found significant associations between the three dietary patterns and the variables, but not with the stage of the disease. Prospective studies are necessary to determine the effects of food consumption patterns on the clinical course of CD
Subject: Doença de Crohn
Country: Reino Unido
Editor: Springer Nature
Rights: Fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-64024-1
Date Issue: 2020
Appears in Collections:FCM - Artigos e Outros Documentos
FCA - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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