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Type: Artigo
Title: Twist removal of healed vs. nonhealed implants: a mechanical and histological study in mini pigs
Author: Silva, Ricardo de Oliveira
Passador, Fabrício
Caria, Paulo Henrique Ferreira
Abstract: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of removal torque (reverse torque) of titanium implants in peri-implant bone. The P1-M1 teeth were extracted bilaterally of 6 mini pigs (BR-1). Each animal received 6 titanium implants, three for each side of mandible. On the right side of mandible, 3 implants reminded 9 months (9M) under masticatory activity and on the left side, other 3 implants were placed and immediately removed (IR). All 36 implants were removed by removal torque, and the recorded values were statistically analyzed. Animals were euthanized right after the removal torque and recording. Each third (cervical, medium, and apical) of peri-implant bone was extracted and analyzed histological and immunohistochemically. Student’s t test was used to determine statistical differences in the values between the 9M and IR samples. Data were presented as means with standard deviations. The level of significance was set at 5% (P < 0.05). Removal torque was higher in 9M experimental situation than in IR. Histological characteristics of mature bone were presented in the 9M experimental condition, and immature bone characteristics were presented in the IR experimental condition. Removal torque caused small fractures and rounding in the bone grooving. Immunohistochemical analysis reinforced the histological results; Student’s t test provided statistically significant differences to osteocalcin expression in 9M samples and no statistically significant differences expression to collagen I in both experimental conditions (P < 0.05). Removal torque caused microscopical fractures and smoothing in the peri-implant bone grooves, but it does not compromise the bone healing.
Subject: Implantes dentários
Country: Alemanha
Editor: SpringerOpen
Rights: Aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1186/s40729-016-0059-x
Date Issue: 2016
Appears in Collections:FOP - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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